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Fair Housing: The Backstory 1865 - 1968


Freedmen’s Bureau Created

  • Introduced system of free labor.
  • Oversaw schools for freedpersons.
  • Settled disputes and enforced contracts between usually White landowners and Black labor force.
  • Secured justice for Blacks in state courts.
  • Authorized to divide abandoned and confiscated property for rental and eventual sale to freedmen, but President Andrew Johnson pardoned former Confederates and restored land to owners.

Ku Klux Klan Established

  • Founded in Pulaski, Tennessee.
  • Aimed to re-establish White supremacy.


Civil Rights Act Enacted

  • Passed over the veto of President Andrew Johnson
  • Stated that all persons born in the U.S. were now citizens without regard to race, color, or previous condition of slavery or servitude.


Civil Rights Act Reenacted

  • Reenacted after the ratification of 14th Amendment.


Civil Rights Act of 1875

  • Provided all Americans right to full and equal enjoyment of public accommodations and to serve on juries.

Want to know the rest of the story? Register for the April session of NFHTA’s online seminar Fair Housing: The Backstory.

A five-lesson, online seminar, Fair Housing: The Backstory discusses the key events and individuals in fair housing history from the end of the Civil War and the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1866 to the passage of the Fair Housing Act in 1968. In addition to online lessons, participants can share their thoughts on how the past influenced the present.

A great prequel to the weeklong Fair Housing Investigator Courses, Fair Housing: The Backstory is an enlightening journey through history that will help participants apply the lessons learned from the past to create a future free of housing discrimination.

For more information or to register for Fair Housing: The Backstory, visit

National Fair Housing Training Academy

The premier learning center for fair housing and civil rights issues

600 Maryland Avenue SW
Washington, D.C. 20024
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